Part One: My Día de los Niños Experience

About two years ago,  I was just getting the hang of things in my first librarian position in a new area for me. The librarian before me established a storytime for every Saturday that was mostly attended by one or two families every other week. Despite having low attendance, it was a well-loved program for those who did participate, and very often the families that came were immigrants still learning English. We had a Chinese family, but mostly we had a few Latino families who rotated coming with their school-age kids.

A couple months into my job, I was stopped while I was packing up after a storytime and headed back into the library. The man identified himself as a city official and then commented that we seemed to have a lot of Mexicans coming to the library. He made some further uncomfortable remarks to me that made me question how much I wanted to stay in the area if a public servant could feel confident saying those things to me. I powered through, but I’ve never forgotten that moment. It was the first time I’d encountered outspoken racism and the first time someone had tried to pressure me for it.

As a new joint chief for Storytime Underground, I’ve had the benefit of networking with six other amazing professional women, two of whom (Mary and Holly) are fluent Spanish speakers. They’ve helped me learn about building more inclusive programs and because of them, I decided to include activities in Spanish in every storytime, even when there are no Spanish-speaking families present. As I build relationships with families more and more unlike myself, I find myself wanting the challenge of diversity in my professional life every day.

So when Día offered mini-grants to celebrate their 20th anniversary, I went for it. My library system has never celebrated Día de los Niños before this year, and in fact, we’ve really only ever done one other big program targeting Latino families. I wanted to see us step up and show our commitment to this community by investing in a festival to blow everyone’s minds.

When applying for the grant, I made a rookie mistake. I thought about what our library system needed rather than what the community wanted and what resources were available. We are in the beginning stages of offering more services for babies and toddlers and I wanted something that could help the Latino community discover these new services. That’s not really a terrible motivation, but I learned while planning this event that starting with what you want is not the best way to go.

Initially my plan was to host a Community Baby Festival, but after the grant application was accepted and I started building the event, it evolved into something a little different, but better.

More on this to come, but here’s a sneak peek.

 

storyteller

 

Dino Mania! A Spring Break Program

School Age

 

The month of March was hectic for me at work. I had so many programs and collaborations going on that I didn’t get a whole of time to plan and prepare for any of them. Never good! Luckily I planned this program to be pretty simple. It was Spring Break, and that meant families would be looking for easy ways to spend quality time together. Since I was going for easy for me, too, I decided to make it a family movie day with some activities to extend on the experience.

I showed The Good Dinosaur, which was a new release, and created a few stations and activities to explore before the movie. Here are my stations.

dinodig

Dino Excavation Station

I found some dinosaur figures in the party favor section of my local Wal-Mart and bought a few packs. I buried each pack in a bowl of chocolate pudding with a marshmallow surface. There were wipes at each bowl to allow kids to wipe off the dinos before they took them to a table to identify them.

dino ID

Dino Safari

dinomask-safari

For this station, kids donned a mask, picked up their search sheet, and went searching around the library for those dinosaurs. Since this program was in the council chambers that’s connected to this library, the safari was a tricky way to get them into the library to look around and count them in our door count.

Kids got to keep their masks, which were also found in the party favor section at Wal-Mart. (Bookmarks above them are dinosaur-shaped and leftover from another program.)

Cave Painting

cavepainting

I set up a few tables in the room and draped them with black tablecloths to create “caves.” I explained that our movie would have a cave man and that humans used to make paintings as a way to tell stories. I asked them to create their own stories inside the caves.

These activities took around 20 minutes for most families to complete and when I saw that everyone was finishing up, I started our movie.

dinomovie

As the opening credits were playing, I pointed out exits and explained that no one’s feelings would be hurt should anyone choose to leave early. There were some preschoolers in my crowd and I said this to make them feel a little more empowered if (and when) those children got bored and disruptive.

The Good Dinosaur is not the most exciting kids’ movie I’ve ever seen. I watched it the weekend before the program and considered choosing another movie instead, but thought that since I’d advertised for this one already, I’d better stick with it. My advice would be to pass on this one as a program pick.

Totes and Quotes: a craft to go with any book club

This year, our library system participated in the Big Read and our county-wide book selection was To Kill a Mockingbird. We end the program this week and with a wide variety of programs ranging from a jazz concert to movie and documentary showings, we’ve had some great participation from our patrons and communities. I hosted three programs at my two branches:

  • A showing of the documentary Hey Boo
  • A book discussion with coffee and card games from the 1930’s
  • A craft program called Totes and Quotes where we decorated tote bags and coffee mugs with quotes from the book.

Today, I’ll share what you need to host a Totes and Quotes program for your adults. It’s a great way to extend on the experience of any book club and it has wide appeal for different ages. You could probably also do this with teens.

First, you may want to search your local dollar and discount stores for plain white mugs and canvas tote bags. I got mine from Wal-Mart and my local Dollar Tree. Locating and pricing them ahead of time will help you come up with a budget and decide how many materials you can provide.

Here’s the material list I used:

  • Plain white ceramic mugs
  • Canvas totes
  • Fabric-friendly paints
  • Variety of brushes including circular stampers and fine brushes for lettering and stencils
  • Mod Podge
  • Stencils of modern flowers, vines, and swirls
  • Printed images of mockingbird outlines that I cut out to make mockingbird stencils (free)
  • Painters tape for those who wanted their stencils taped down
  • Oil-based markers for writing on mugs (more permanent than Sharpies)
  • Hand sanitizer and/or rubbing alcohol
  • Printed sheets of quotes

 

paints

 

I found it was really useful for this program to explain to participants as they were registering that this was process art, like making a painting, and wouldn’t have simple steps to follow for a set outcome. Some of our patrons are used to programs where crafts are made by following an example with provided materials and products are pretty much the same. Those people may have been uncomfortable with this program where they would need to imagine what they wanted and free hand most of the work. My experience with adults and art in library programs has taught me to think ahead about who programs appeal to and how to explain expectations.

I started out by explaining how to use everything on the table. I introduced people to the paint pens, Mod Podge, and which brushes were best to use with the stencils. When it seemed like everyone understood the materials and how to use them, I just sat down at the head of the table where I was sitting with the other 5 participants and started planning aloud with the people around me.

I started by picking my text and the sort of imagery that would go with it. I imagined my lettering and picked where elements would be on my bag. As I began, I encouraged the other participants and helped them plan, too. I gave them feedback and reassured them that no craft or artwork is perfect, but it’s all about the experience of making. My elderly participants struggled most, but shortly after they began, I could see them enjoying themselves more and more, even as they were making mistakes. I helped everyone correct anything they didn’t like by covering it with a stamp of paint or turning things into flowers.

One thing I learned is that your younger participants will know what you mean by putting a quote on a mug or a bag. They’ll understand that the idea is to play with the lettering and use the words to make art. Your more elderly participants may not. They may take it more literally, and I think this is probably a divide in where these different generations find ideas for crafts. Those who surf Pinterest have seen typography and posters a lot. Looking back on it, I wish this had dawned on me beforehand and I wish I would have printed some images of quotes on coffee mugs or posters.

otherbag  mybag

See what I mean?

The oil-based paint pens go on smoothly on ceramic mugs and mistakes are easier to remove there with hand sanitizer or rubbing alcohol. You can also apply small stencils to mugs, but words take a smooth hand. Your elderly patrons can always opt to just draw or decorate with stencils on their mugs if they have a hard time with lettering.

If either are going to be washed in a washing machine or dishwasher, advise your participants to add a layer of Mod Podge when their design is dry. It will dry clear and help protect the paint from washing off or peeling.

Your mugs should be baked at home at 350 degrees for 30 mins and allowed to cool slowly in the oven. I typed and printed these instructions, attaching as a tag to each mug with a string.

That’s it! Ta-da!

 

John Henry and the Railroad Race (and reflections on difficult content)

School Age

 

Last year I talked a little about how I was asked for a Black History Month program and how my response proved to me that I wasn’t being the kind of ally I needed to be. I learned a lot from the experience of designing and facilitating a program on freedom quilts, but this year, I wanted to do something that wasn’t tied to slavery. I wanted a fun program with popular features that would be attractive to anyone, but just so happened to deal with a Black hero or African American history.

In my pre-planning stage of gathering ideas, I remembered that Pixar has a new short film about John Henry. As I thought about it, it seemed like a program that could be based off a 10 minute, super fun video AND incorporating railroad/train activities could only be a hit for preschool and elementary-aged library users.

The video is vibrant, acknowledges slavery and honors quilting traditions, and really does justice to the folk song, though the lyrics aren’t at all the same. It was written and produced by the same man who made Mulan, if that gives you any ideas. You can find it on this DVD:

short films

 

So I started piecing together ideas for more content for the program and came across this book:

 

 

After reading the description, I decided that I could fold in some of the findings from the book. I DID NOT read the book before I committed to doing the program. The description that I sent ahead for publishing in our newsletter mentioned that we would talk about some theories on the real person behind the tale.

So, if you have read this book, you probably feel a hole forming in the pit of your stomach. If you haven’t, let me just tell you, it gets dark really quickly. More on that in a minute.

I’m pretty busy all the time, so I plan my programs in stages. After the middle of every month, I do some very basic planning for what I’ll do the next month and I send a little description for the newsletter. A couple weeks before the program, I do the deep planning and buying of any materials I need.

This time, I started planning way ahead because I needed to do research. I checked out books with several versions of the tale from nearby libraries, I read Ain’t Nothing But a Man, examined different versions of the folk song, researched the kinds of tools railroad workers used in the antebellum period, found folk music that reflected what railroad workers would have sung, and put everything into a presentation.

Things got really difficult after I read Ain’t Nothing But a Man. You may have guessed this if you know anything about the John Henry tale, but the life of a former slave in the antebellum period was almost never good. In the book, we learn that the man who was most likely the real John Henry was a teenager (probably no older than 15) when he was arrested a year after the Emancipation Proclamation for stealing from a grocery store. He received 10 years in prison as his sentence. While he was there, the warden made the decision to rent out the prisoners to railroad construction companies for working in the most difficult areas. John was sent to the Lewis Tunnel in northwestern Virginia, where the men were known to have actually raced a steam drill and won. However, it’s also recorded that more than 300 men died in making the tunnel, most from injuries and Black Lung. Our researcher found that John Henry disappears from work records after just a few years of working there and that the bodies of around 300 men were excavated from a mass grave in front of the old Virginia State Penitentiary.

Well, &*@$. That’s a WHOLE lot to unpack.

At first, I was almost ready to throw out the whole concept of talking about this book. How on earth could I make that appropriate for children?

Then, I talked with a friend of mine, who happens to be Black. I confided in her that I was really wrestling with this material and was thinking about leaving out all the information from Ain’t Nothing But a Man and focusing on the hardships of railroad workers in general. She encouraged me to work through it. She gently reminded me that without people like me to help interpret this information for children, they would never, ever hear it. She asked me to think about what I learned in history class and what I’ve read in history books aimed at children. How many times did I see stories that handled the nuances of history from the perspective of the oppressed? I thought back and couldn’t think of one time in school when I had learned about the lives of slaves in any detail whatsoever. I’d never learned details of the civil rights movement or heard the names of any who died for basic rights, other than Martin Luther King, Jr. All of that happened much later, when I became an educator. Most children and teens will not learn these stories in school.

So, I did it. I wrestled, and wrestled, and designed something that I could feel comfortable presenting to kids. Here is the outline of my plan:

  1. Start with watching the video
  2. Introduce the material by talking about how great the video is and how we’re going to learn more about the lives of railroad workers.
  3. Go through the presentation, pausing to listen to real music like what railroad workers would have sung, to look at some lyrics from different versions of the John Henry song, and to play a game where they’d make their own railroad.
  4. After the game, we’d dive into what I learned from Ain’t Nothing But a Man. Gently, skimming over the material and sticking to basic facts from the book, not the deeper social context. We’d see pictures of steam drills and I’d give a brief description of what we know about the life of the real John Henry without any graphic horror.
  5. We’d pause to reflect on that and to think about how different it is from the songs we heard and the video we watched. We could say how we felt about it.
  6. I’d wrap it up with my thoughts on why the folk tales, song, and even our video are still important.
  7. We’d end by doing a craft with 3-D paper trains and more fun music.

Now, I live in the rural South and the populations I served are extremely White. I’ve observed racism in my communities firsthand, and I was still willing to grapple with this. However, I knew that the really hard stuff was going to depend on the audience I got. If most of the kids were preschoolers, than talking about dying probably wasn’t an option, but Parts 1-3 of my plan would still be fine. If I had mostly a crowd of kids ages 7 and up, I felt good about doing the whole thing.

If you live in a more diverse community or your population is more liberal than mine, you may not have an issue with doing the whole thing with whatever audience you get.

I got no one. No one came and all the preparation felt a little wasted. I’m still so happy I did it, though. I grew so much in the process.

Here is my presentation, ready to steal. My notes are beneath the slides.

Here are the pictures of my set-up:

 

racegame

 

This is the game for making the railroad. It’s a big line of packing paper, taped down at each end. The rails are pipe insulation that could be lined up, carefully made straight, and taped down by a team of kids. The area with the chairs is a tunnel for them to build in. If you think you’ll have a lot of kids, you could set up two of these in rows and have them race each other while you play a modern version of the John Henry song.

 

flaggedbooks

 

I flagged a stack of books to share pictures during the presentation.

 

prespicture

 

What you can’t see here is that I also had giant post-it’s on the wall, where I’d written some of the lyrics from different versions of the song to share and to show how it changed over time.

 

Here’s a folk song that you can let kids listen to and hear how railroad workers would have sung.

 

Goosebumps Party!

 

School Age

 

It feels like it’s been forever since I wrote up a good school-age program. This year, my local school systems only have six teacher workdays. Couple that with a lack of space in one of my branches, and I’m just not doing as many as I usually do. Finally we had a workday roll around, though, so I’m back to one of my passions this week with a school-age program on Goosebumps!

If you’re moving away from doing Halloween-specific programming, you might find that Goosebumps is a cheater’s road to avoiding a holiday program. Or, you know, just do it whenever you want like I did. It amazes me that this series has stood the test of time and it’s popular with so many ages. I have adults who check them out and love them! For this program, we only had a few in attendance but it attracted two 6th graders and one intrepid 3 year old.

Here goes the plan.

Item one: Mummy dance!

If we’d had more attendance, I would have started off by having everyone wrap themselves like a mummy in toilet paper and dancing to Monster Mash. Unfortunately, it’s just not that fun with three people. *shrug*

Item two: Spider on a straw relay

I still started off with this one, though it would have been way better with a few more people.

 

relaylines

One player ran to a chair at the end of the line, holding a straw in his mouth. My three year old assistant then added a plastic spider ring to his straw. He ran back to his teammate who also had a straw in her mouth and he slid the spider ring from his straw to hers without using his hands. After a couple times going back and forth, they decided it was too easy and he tried getting two spiders at a time. After taking turns, this ate up around 15 mins.

Item Three: Eye Socket Blow

Here players raced to blow their hollow, plastic eye into a cup taped to the end of the table. They used two paper towel rolls to direct the eye as they walked or ran around the table to keep it on track. They loved this game and probably played it the most.

eyesockets

eyesockets2

 

Item Four: Making Slime

I chose a glow in the dark slime recipe, found here, and walked the kids through making it. With the older kids, I had them read out the instructions and measure everything while I just directed. With our youngest attendee, I helped mom add ingredients while little one stirred.

slime table

 

I poured a little borax in a paper cup and put warm water in an insulated coffee pot on the table. Slime went home in snack-sized sandwich bags. Not surprisingly, it was the big draw to come to the program.

This is actually a pretty clean craft as long as it’s properly supervised and you have the ingredients in child-friendly containers. The slime isn’t very messy once you handle it a little.

Item Five: Feed the Blob

I used vanilla pudding with a little green food coloring to make a blobby mixture in a couple big bowls. (It actually looks a lot like boogers.) While the kids were making slime, I set the bowls on a pad (you could use a table cloth) in case it splashed out of the bowls. The kids stood back and tried throwing the eyes into the bowls. Incredibly, they all came up with a dozen ways to play this game. The older kids tried bouncing it between the lines from our relay or throwing it under a leg. Our littlest player tried a scattershot approach and threw a whole cup of eyes in the general direction of the bowls. She was surprisingly good.

eyesinsnot

 

Kids just had to wipe off the eyes before playing again so that they wouldn’t drip.

 

There it is! It’s really simple and something that you can do with low prep time, low budget, and minimal space. I think I spent about $30, but I had some items like food coloring, tableclothes, cups, and glue.